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Citation Formats and Style Guides

Guide to citation assistance


When and How do I cite a source within the text?

You must document your source whenever you directly quote, paraphrase, or summarize another's idea. Immediately after you quote or write about the idea, identify your source parenthetically (usually the author's last name with the relevant page number). 

If using Turabian enter a superscript number and a Note or Footnote (Notes-Bibliography style) or parenthetically (Author-Date style).

Give credit where credit is due. 

What is the Works Cited, References, Bibliography page?

The Works Cited [MLA]References [APA], or Bibliography [Chicago/Turabian] section of your paper is an alphabetical list of all sources cited in your paper. A citation system may also permit inclusion of sources consulted but not cited (e.g., Turabian) or other Notes (e.g., MLA).

Format.  The list of sources in a Works Cited, References, or Bibliography page is hanging-indent style. From the Home tab of Word, open Paragraph. From "Indentation: Special, " select Hanging and .5 in the Indentation section.


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